Scientific Names of Common Plants/Trees

Scientific Names of Fruits

Scientific Name Common Name
Mangifera indica Mango
Pyrus malus Apple
Citrullus vulgaris Watermelon
Citrus Limonium Lemon
Citrus aurantium Orange
Musa paradisicum Banana
Psidium guava Guava
Ananus sativus Pineapple
Carica papaya Papaya
Fragaria ananassa Strawberry
Cucumis melo Muskmelon
Manilkara zapota Sapota, Chiku
Punica granatum Pomegranate
Prunus armeniaca Apricot
Phyllanthus emblica Amla (Indian Gooseberry)
Vitis amurensis Grapes

Scientific Names of Vegetables

Scientific Name Common Name
Allium cepa Onion
Solanum tubersum Potato
Cucumis sativas Cucumber
Lactuca sativa Lettuce
Daucas carota Carrot
Lycopersican esculentum Tomato
Solanum melongena Brinjal
Raphanus sativus Radish
Capsicum fruitscence Capsicum
Brassica oleracea Cabbage/ Cauliflower
Momordica charantia Bitter Gourd
Spinacia oleracea Spinach
Colocasia esculenta Taro (Arbi)
Cucurbita pepo Pumpkin
Beta vulgaris Beet root
Brassica rapa Turnip

Scientific Names – Cereal, Pulses, Millets

Scientific Name Common Name
Zea mays Maize
Oryza sativa, Oryza glaberrima Rice
Triticum aestivum Wheat
Sorghum vulgare Jowar
Dolichos biffoeus Horse Gram
Cajanus cajan Red Gram
Phaseolus mungo Green Gram

Common and Scientific Names – Other Plants and Trees

Scientific Name Common Name
Azadirachta indica Neem
Ficus benghalensis Banyan
Nicotina tobaccum Tobacco
Bamboosa aridinarifolia Bamboo
Moringa oleifera Drumstick
Ocimum sanctum Tulsi
Santalum album Sandalwood
Gossypium herbaceum Cotton
Epipremnum aureum Money Plant, Devil’s Ivy
Murraya koenigii Curry plant (leaves)
Mentha arvensis Mint (Pudina)
Coriandrum sativum Coriander
Lawsonia inermis Henna (Mehndi)
Tectona grandis Teak
Dalbergia sissoo Indian Rosewood
Acacia nilotica Babul

Common and Scientific Names – Spices

Scientific Name Common Name
Zingiber officinale Ginger
Allium sativum Garlic
Piper nigrum Black Pepper
Syzygium aromaticum Clove
Curcuma longa Turmeric
Brassica nigra Black Mustard
Cuminum cyminum Cumin
Sesamum indicum Sesame
Foeniculum vulgare Fennel

Scientific Names – Nuts & Dry Fruits

Scientific Name Common Name
Arachis hypogaea Peanut (Ground nut)
Anacardium occidentale Cashew
Prunus amygdalus Almond
Juglans regia Walnut
Pistacia vera Pistachio
Cocos nucifera Coconut

TEST YOURSELF

Select the right answer

1. Allum sativum


2. Tulsi (Basil)


3. Lycopersican esculentum


4. Wheat


5. Curcuma longa


6. Neem


7. Moringa oleifera


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